HISTORICAL EVENTS THAT TOOK PLACE ON THIS DAY IN CANADA
The R-100 moored at Cardington
British Airship R-100 Arrives at Montreal
For many years after 1930, there was a steel tower 200 feet high at St. Hubert's airfield, which was the airport for Montreal until Dorval was opened. It was a mooring mast for the R-100, a British airship that crossed the Atlantic and arrived at Montreal on August 1, 1930. It was pioneering a plan to provide an airship service throughout the British Commonwealth.
Eight non-stop flights had been made over the Atlantic by British and German airships when the R-100 made its flight to Canada in 1930. The trip was carefully prepared, with work on the mooring mast at St. Hubert starting in November, 1927. The venture was financed jointly by Britain and Canada, with Lieutenant-Commander A. B. Pressy of the Royal Canadian Navy in charge of the mooring mast.
The flight of the R-100 across the Atlantic was one of the marvels of the age. It left Cardington, England, on July 29 at 3.30 a.m. and arrived over Montreal on the night of July 31; it had to cruise around until dawn until it could connect with the mooring tower. The flight took 78 hours and 52 minutes. Modern aircraft fly from London to Montreal in less than 7 hours.
The "dirigible," as airships were called, had been damaged by a storm while coining up the St. Lawrence, but was repaired quickly so that it could go on a demonstration flight. What excitement there was when it flew over Ottawa after dark, and was illuminated by searchlights from the Parliament Buildings! It appeared over Niagara Falls at 6 a.m. and then flew over Hamilton and Toronto while people were going to work.
It looked as though airships were going to be the mode of travel for the future, but they were too vulnerable to the elements. Two months after the flight of the R-100 to Canada, the R-101 crashed on a flight to India, killing forty-six people, including every British authority on airship operation. In April, 1933, the U.S. Akron crashed into the Atlantic off the coast of New Jersey with seventy-three lives lost. The U.S. Macon was another casualty.
The experiments with airships ended in 1937 when the giant Von Hindenburg exploded and burned while landing at Lake burst, New Jersey. Meanwhile, conventional aircraft were beginning to span the Atlantic.
OTHER NOTABLE EVENTS ON THIS DAY IN CANADIAN HISTORY
-1703 The Marquis de Vaudreuil was appointed Governor of Canada and Acadia.
-1824 John Galt proposed the formation of the Canada Land Company for settlement in Ontario.
-1834 British Columbia abolished slavery.
-1914 Governor-General the Duke of Connaught offered Canadian troops to Britain.
-1950 The R.C.M.P. took over the policing of Newfoundland and Labrador.
-1959 The Social Credit Government of British Columbia took office under Premier W. A. C. Bennett.